Postharvest technology is interdisciplinary science and technique applied to agricultural produce after harvest for its production, conservation, processing, packaging, distribution, marketing and utilization to meet the food and nutritional requirements of the people in relation to their needs.
What is mean by post harvest technology?
Post-harvest technologies constitute an inter-disciplinary science and techniques applied to agricultural commodities after harvest for the purpose of preservation, conservation, quality control/enhancement, processing, packaging, storage, distribution, marketing, and utilization to meet the food and nutritional …
What are the different post harvest handling techniques?
Postharvest handling practices like harvesting, precooling, cleaning or disinfecting, sorting and grading, packaging, storage, and transporting played an important role in maintaining quality and extending shelf life of the tomato fruits after harvest.
What is the importance of post harvest technology?
Importance of Post-harvest technology lies in the fact that it has the capability to meet food requirement of growing population by eliminating losses making more nutritive food items from raw commodities by proper processing and fortification. Post-harvest technology has potential to create rural industries.
What do you mean by post harvest handling of fruits?
HARVEST• Fruits harvested too early may lack flavour and may not ripen properly, while produce harvested too late may be fibrous or have very limited market life. …
What is the meaning of post harvest losses?
Definition. The expression “post-harvest losses” means a measurable quantitative and qualitative loss in a given product. These losses can occur during any of the various phases of the post-harvest system. This definition must also take into account cases of product deterioration.
What are the causes of post harvest losses?
Causes of post-harvest loss in this stage include limited availability of suitable varieties for processing, lack of appropriate processing technologies, inadequate commercialization of new technologies and lack of basic infrastructure, inadequate facilities and infrastructure, and insufficient promotion of processed …
What are the types of harvesting?
- Reaping – cutting the mature panicles and straw above ground.
- Threshing – separating the paddy grain from the rest of cut crop.
- Cleaning – removing immature, unfilled, non-grain materials.
- Hauling – moving the cut crop to the threshing location.
What are the factors of harvesting?
While the major factor determining the time of harvest is the maturity of the crop, other factors such as weather, availability of harvest equipment, pickers, packing and storage facilities, and transport are important considerations.
What are the tools used in harvesting?
The most common type of harvesting implement are small sickle, big sickle, darat, gandasa and small axe etc., (Fig. 9.9a, b, c & d). The hand sickle is used to harvest crops like wheat, maize, barley, pulses and grass etc. Big sickle (Darat) is used to harvest fodder from trees.
How can post harvest technology help our economy?
Postharvest research contributes to reducing poverty by enhancing income earning opportunities for poor people, and by providing time-saving processed foods to the urban poor. … Reduced wastage during storage reduces food and income losses for farmers.
What is post harvest management of fruits and vegetables?
Post-harvest technologies constitute an inter-disciplinary science and techniques applied to agricultural commodities after harvest for the purpose of preservation, conservation, quality control, processing, packaging, storage, distribution, marketing and utilization to meet the food and nutritional requirements of …
What’s the definition of harvesting?
transitive verb. 1a : to gather in (a crop) : reap harvesting corn. b : to gather, catch, hunt, or kill (salmon, oysters, deer, etc.) for human use, sport, or population control.
How do you prevent post-harvest loss?
6 Tips To Avoid Postharvest Losses
- Assess maturity. …
- Check your water quality. …
- Check your water temperature. …
- Avoid injury. …
- Keep your produce cool. …
- Proper Storage.
31 авг. 2015 г.
What are the methods used for harvesting fruits?
Depending on the type of fruit or vegetable, several devices are employed to harvest produce. Commonly used tools for fruit and vegetable harvesting are secateurs or knives, and hand held or pole mounted picking shears.
Why is proper handling of newly harvested vegetables are important?
Harvest and handle gently
Injured areas on fresh produce lead to increased postharvest decay and water loss. Cuts, punctures, abrasions, crushing and bruising cause significant quality losses. In some cases, products may appear undamaged but may be bruised internally (melons).