A timely harvest can help to maximize potential grain yield. In addition to harvesting at an optimum grain moisture content, achieving proper combine settings can help increase combine efficiency, maximize grain quality and minimize field losses.
Why does timely harvesting important?
Timely harvesting ensures good grain quality and high market value. Harvesting too early will result in a higher percentage of unfilled or immature grains, which will lower the yield and cause higher grain breakage during milling. Harvesting too late will lead to excessive losses and increased breakage in rice.
What are the effects of late harvesting?
Late harvest coupled with excessive rainfall mean more time for late-season mold growth, mycotoxin accumulation, test weight reduction, and sprouting, all of which collectively could result in poor overall grain quality.
What is the importance of harvesting?
Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields. … The completion of harvesting marks the end of the growing season, or the growing cycle for a particular crop, and the social importance of this event makes it the focus of seasonal celebrations such as harvest festivals, found in many religions.
What is the importance of harvesting in agriculture?
The goal of good harvesting is to maximize crop yield and minimize any crop losses and quality deterioration. Harvesting can be done manually, using hands or knifes and it can be done mechanically with the use of rippers, combine harvesters or other machines.
What are the four basic operations in harvesting?
Reaping – cutting the mature panicles and straw above ground. Threshing – separating the paddy grain from the rest of cut crop. Cleaning – removing immature, unfilled, non-grain materials. Hauling – moving the cut crop to the threshing location.
What are the factors to consider for the right time to harvest?
While the major factor determining the time of harvest is the maturity of the crop, other factors such as weather, availability of harvest equipment, pickers, packing and storage facilities, and transport are important considerations.
What is the law of harvest?
The farmer knows that nature doesn’t do shortcuts. You clear the land, till the earth, and plant the seeds. You fertilize, weed, and water day-after-day. You do your work and let time and nature do their thing. Only then, after a lot of hard work and patience, does the harvest come.
How is harvesting done in our country?
Manual Mode of Harvesting – In India, most of the harvesting is done manually and sickle is the only tool that is used for this purpose. … The serrated sickles are used for cutting paddy and wheat crops. ii. Mechanical harvesting – Machines such as reapers, threshers and even combine harvesters have been used.
What happens after harvesting?
Answer. Drying is the process that reduces grain moisture content to a safe level for storage. It is the most critical operation after harvesting a rice crop. Delays in drying, incomplete drying or ineffective drying will reduce grain quality and result in losses.
What are the factors for timely harvesting fruits?
Answer. water content, respiratory rate,ethylene production,endogenous plant hormones,and exogenous factors such as microbial growth, temperature,relative humidity and atmospheric compositions.
What are the factors to consider in harvesting fruit?
Post harvest factors influencing postharvest quality of fruits were maturity stage, method of harvesting, time of harvesting, precooking, sorting and grading, packaging and packaging materials, storage, type of storage, temperature and relative humidity during storage and transportation, transportation, road condition.
What is the season for harvesting?
Typically harvest season starts late September or early October for those farming and growing crops outside. Before the weather changes and cools as autumn approaches, the crops are cut and collected, ready to be used for cooking and eating.