Postharvest handling practices like harvesting, precooling, cleaning or disinfecting, sorting and grading, packaging, storage, and transporting played an important role in maintaining quality and extending shelf life of the tomato fruits after harvest.
What are the different types of post-harvest activities?
Post-harvest Losses of vegetables and fruit occur at all points in the value chain from production in the field to the food being placed on a plate for consumption. Post-harvest activities include harvesting, handling, storage, processing, packaging, transportation and marketing.
What do you mean by post-harvest handling of fruits?
HARVEST• Fruits harvested too early may lack flavour and may not ripen properly, while produce harvested too late may be fibrous or have very limited market life. …
What are the methods used for harvesting fruits?
Depending on the type of fruit or vegetable, several devices are employed to harvest produce. Commonly used tools for fruit and vegetable harvesting are secateurs or knives, and hand held or pole mounted picking shears.
What are the types of post-harvest losses?
Examples of waste
contamination; natural drying out of food 5. Primary processing, cleaning, classification, hulling, pounding, grinding, packaging, soaking, winnowing, drying, sieving, milling Process losses; contamination in process causing loss of quality.
What are the factors of harvesting?
While the major factor determining the time of harvest is the maturity of the crop, other factors such as weather, availability of harvest equipment, pickers, packing and storage facilities, and transport are important considerations.
What is poor harvest?
As a verb, to harvest something means that you pick or gather it. … The picked crop is also called a harvest: a bumper crop is a plentiful harvest, and a poor harvest is when things didn’t grow as well as expected. As a verb, to harvest something is to gather, trap, or cull it.
What do you mean by post-harvest?
In agriculture, postharvest handling is the stage of crop production immediately following harvest, including cooling, cleaning, sorting and packing. … Postharvest treatment largely determines final quality, whether a crop is sold for fresh consumption, or used as an ingredient in a processed food product.
How do you prevent post-harvest loss?
6 Tips To Avoid Postharvest Losses
- Assess maturity. …
- Check your water quality. …
- Check your water temperature. …
- Avoid injury. …
- Keep your produce cool. …
- Proper Storage.
31 авг. 2015 г.
Why is proper handling of newly harvested vegetables are important?
Harvest and handle gently
Injured areas on fresh produce lead to increased postharvest decay and water loss. Cuts, punctures, abrasions, crushing and bruising cause significant quality losses. In some cases, products may appear undamaged but may be bruised internally (melons).
What are the two methods of harvesting?
- Manual reaping and mechanical threshing. – manual harvesting by hand; uses portable thresher or small stationary machine threshers.
- Reaping followed by machine threshing. – uses a reaper, threshing by a thresher, and cleaning either manually or by machine.
What are the harvesting techniques?
A number of water harvesting techniques are based along contours including: contour ploughing; contour ridges; stone lines; grass strips and terraces. The technique used depends on the steepness of the slope, soil type, conditions, crops grown and other factors such as the availability of labour.
How many types of harvesting are there?
Reaping is the cutting of grain or pulse for harvest, typically using a scythe, sickle, or reaper. On smaller farms with minimal mechanization, harvesting is the most labor-intensive activity of the growing season. the crops in India are divided into three types; Rabi, Kharif and Zaid.
What is the main goal of harvest?
What is the main goal of harvest and storage systems? Harvest is the process of cutting down of crops and utilizing them for the future aspects. It can be for the sale or for the own use of farmers. People engaged in farming do this process after their crop is ready for this purpose.
What is the meaning of post harvest losses?
Definition. The expression “post-harvest losses” means a measurable quantitative and qualitative loss in a given product. These losses can occur during any of the various phases of the post-harvest system. This definition must also take into account cases of product deterioration.
What are the factors responsible for post harvest losses in fruits?
Vegetables: The primary factors of post-harvest loss of fruits and vegetables are mainly cause by mechanical physiological pathological or environmental factors . Mechanical damage of fruits and vegetables are caused by careless handling during harvesting, packing, transportation, storage etc.