The management of temperature, ventilation, and relative humidity are the three most important factors that affect postharvest quality and storage life of horticultural produce.
What is pre harvesting and harvesting?
A pre-harvest system may be defined as a system of existing technologies for agricultural raw materials production. … In the system of traditional agriculture that predominates in developing countries, pre- and post-harvest technologies are usually of different social and economic structure.
What are the five factors for timely harvesting of fruits?
Answer. water content, respiratory rate,ethylene production,endogenous plant hormones,and exogenous factors such as microbial growth, temperature,relative humidity and atmospheric compositions.
What are the factors responsible for post-harvest losses in fruits?
Vegetables: The primary factors of post-harvest loss of fruits and vegetables are mainly cause by mechanical physiological pathological or environmental factors . Mechanical damage of fruits and vegetables are caused by careless handling during harvesting, packing, transportation, storage etc.
What factors affect harvesting time of veggies?
In general vegetables with exception of potato and onion are of higher quality when less matures because of their being more tender, succulent, less fibrous or starchy. correctly for most vegetables. Size, flavor, tenderness, texture and color can all be influenced by harvest timing.
What are the factors of harvesting?
While the major factor determining the time of harvest is the maturity of the crop, other factors such as weather, availability of harvest equipment, pickers, packing and storage facilities, and transport are important considerations.
What characteristics of fruit is considered when harvesting?
Shape: The shape of fruit can change during maturation and can be used as a characteristic to determine harvest maturity. For instance, a banana becomes more rounded in cross-sections and less angular as it develops on the plant.
What are the factors that depends on the right time of harvesting?
Answer. Answer: Optimal harvesting time primarily depends on the fruit variety characteristics, as well as on weather conditions during the growing season. Furthermore, optimal harvesting time also depends on the purpose of fruit production: whether it’s produced for fresh consumption or processing.
What is harvesting short answer?
Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields. Reaping is the cutting of grain or pulse for harvest, typically using a scythe, sickle, or reaper.
What is timely harvesting?
Timely harvesting ensures good grain quality and high market value. Harvesting too early will result in a higher percentage of unfilled or immature grains, which will lower the yield and cause higher grain breakage during milling. Harvesting too late will lead to excessive losses and increased breakage in rice.
What are the causes of harvest loss?
Climate and weather conditions, harvesting and handling techniques, packaging, storage and transportation facility, market situation, dust from cement factory, disease and pest animals were recorded as major causes for post-harvest loss.
What are post harvesting activities?
Post-harvest activities include harvesting, handling, storage, processing, packaging, transportation and marketing. … Occasionally, losses may be 100%, for example when there is a price collapse and it would cost the farmer more to harvest and market the produce than to plough it back into the ground.
What are the main benefits of reducing post harvest losses?
Reducing the postharvest losses, especially in developing countries, could be a sustainable solution to increase food availability, reduce pressure on natural resources, eliminate hunger and improve farmers’ livelihoods.
What are the 3 common tools for harvesting vegetables?
Tools Used for Harvesting
- Diggers and Delvers. A gardener uses a trowel to harvest garlic. …
- Slicers and Snippers. A gardener uses shears to trim an apple tree. …
- Strainers and Drainers. Freshly picked vegetables in a basket. …
- Luggers and Movers. A wheelbarrow in a vegetable garden. …
- Rakers and Pickers. An older style blueberry rake.
How can we reduce post harvest losses of fruits and vegetables?
6 Tips To Avoid Postharvest Losses
- Assess maturity. …
- Check your water quality. …
- Check your water temperature. …
- Avoid injury. …
- Keep your produce cool. …
- Proper Storage.
31 авг. 2015 г.
What are the different post harvest handling techniques?
Postharvest handling practices like harvesting, precooling, cleaning or disinfecting, sorting and grading, packaging, storage, and transporting played an important role in maintaining quality and extending shelf life of the tomato fruits after harvest.