In agriculture, postharvest handling is the stage of crop production immediately following harvest, including cooling, cleaning, sorting and packing. … Postharvest treatment largely determines final quality, whether a crop is sold for fresh consumption, or used as an ingredient in a processed food product.
What is pre and post harvest?
A pre-harvest system may be defined as a system of existing technologies for agricultural raw materials production. … In the system of traditional agriculture that predominates in developing countries, pre- and post-harvest technologies are usually of different social and economic structure.
What do you mean by post harvest management?
Post-harvest management is a system of handling, storing, and transporting agricultural commodities after harvest. … This means having to ensure that moisture, contaminants, and insects will not affect the quality of the commodities.
What is Post Harvest Engineering?
Post-harvest engineering and technology is an application of engineering principles for development of post harvest machinery for various post harvest operations. It also comprises practices of various operations to serve food to the countrymen after harvesting.
What is post harvest food loss?
Post-harvest Food Loss (PHL) is defined as measurable qualitative and quantitative food loss along the supply chain, starting at the time of harvest till its consumption or other end uses (De Lucia and Assennato,1994; Hodges, Buzby and Bennett, 2011).
What are the post-harvest activities?
Post-harvest activities include harvesting, handling, storage, processing, packaging, transportation and marketing. … Occasionally, losses may be 100%, for example when there is a price collapse and it would cost the farmer more to harvest and market the produce than to plough it back into the ground.
What are post-harvest diseases?
Postharvest diseases are those that appear and develop after harvest. Outcomes of postharvest diseases. • Products with defects are unmarketable leading to increased. cost of production and occasionally loss of an entire crop. •
What is the purpose of post harvest?
The most important goals of post-harvest handling are keeping the product cool, to avoid moisture loss and slow down undesirable chemical changes, and avoiding physical damage such as bruising, to delay spoilage.
How do you prevent post harvest loss?
6 Tips To Avoid Postharvest Losses
- Assess maturity. …
- Check your water quality. …
- Check your water temperature. …
- Avoid injury. …
- Keep your produce cool. …
- Proper Storage.
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What are the factors of harvesting?
While the major factor determining the time of harvest is the maturity of the crop, other factors such as weather, availability of harvest equipment, pickers, packing and storage facilities, and transport are important considerations.
What are the types of post harvest losses?
Examples of waste
contamination; natural drying out of food 5. Primary processing, cleaning, classification, hulling, pounding, grinding, packaging, soaking, winnowing, drying, sieving, milling Process losses; contamination in process causing loss of quality.
What is post harvest management of fruits and vegetables?
Post-harvest technologies constitute an inter-disciplinary science and techniques applied to agricultural commodities after harvest for the purpose of preservation, conservation, quality control, processing, packaging, storage, distribution, marketing and utilization to meet the food and nutritional requirements of …
What are the factors responsible for post harvest losses in fruits?
Vegetables: The primary factors of post-harvest loss of fruits and vegetables are mainly cause by mechanical physiological pathological or environmental factors . Mechanical damage of fruits and vegetables are caused by careless handling during harvesting, packing, transportation, storage etc.