Post-harvest management is a system of handling, storing, and transporting agricultural commodities after harvest. … This means having to ensure that moisture, contaminants, and insects will not affect the quality of the commodities.
What do you mean by post harvest?
In agriculture, postharvest handling is the stage of crop production immediately following harvest, including cooling, cleaning, sorting and packing. … Postharvest treatment largely determines final quality, whether a crop is sold for fresh consumption, or used as an ingredient in a processed food product.
What is post harvest management of fruits and vegetables?
Post-harvest technologies constitute an inter-disciplinary science and techniques applied to agricultural commodities after harvest for the purpose of preservation, conservation, quality control, processing, packaging, storage, distribution, marketing and utilization to meet the food and nutritional requirements of …
What do you mean by post harvest handling of fruits?
HARVEST• Fruits harvested too early may lack flavour and may not ripen properly, while produce harvested too late may be fibrous or have very limited market life. …
What are the different types of post harvest activities?
Post-harvest Losses of vegetables and fruit occur at all points in the value chain from production in the field to the food being placed on a plate for consumption. Post-harvest activities include harvesting, handling, storage, processing, packaging, transportation and marketing.
What is the main goal of harvest?
What is the main goal of harvest and storage systems? Harvest is the process of cutting down of crops and utilizing them for the future aspects. It can be for the sale or for the own use of farmers. People engaged in farming do this process after their crop is ready for this purpose.
What are the types of post-harvest losses?
Examples of waste
contamination; natural drying out of food 5. Primary processing, cleaning, classification, hulling, pounding, grinding, packaging, soaking, winnowing, drying, sieving, milling Process losses; contamination in process causing loss of quality.
What are the factors responsible for post harvest losses in fruits?
Vegetables: The primary factors of post-harvest loss of fruits and vegetables are mainly cause by mechanical physiological pathological or environmental factors . Mechanical damage of fruits and vegetables are caused by careless handling during harvesting, packing, transportation, storage etc.
How can we reduce post harvest losses of fruits and vegetables?
6 Tips To Avoid Postharvest Losses
- Assess maturity. …
- Check your water quality. …
- Check your water temperature. …
- Avoid injury. …
- Keep your produce cool. …
- Proper Storage.
31 авг. 2015 г.
How post harvest management of fruits and vegetables can increase food availability?
INCREASING FOOD AVAILABILITY BY REDUCING POSTHARVEST LOSSES OF FRESH PRODUCE. Qualitative losses (such as loss of caloric and nutritive value, loss of acceptability by consumers, and loss of edibility) are more difficult to measure than quantitative losses of fresh fruits and vegetables.
What are the factors of harvesting?
While the major factor determining the time of harvest is the maturity of the crop, other factors such as weather, availability of harvest equipment, pickers, packing and storage facilities, and transport are important considerations.
What are the methods used for harvesting fruits?
Depending on the type of fruit or vegetable, several devices are employed to harvest produce. Commonly used tools for fruit and vegetable harvesting are secateurs or knives, and hand held or pole mounted picking shears.
Why is proper handling of newly harvested vegetables are important?
Harvest and handle gently
Injured areas on fresh produce lead to increased postharvest decay and water loss. Cuts, punctures, abrasions, crushing and bruising cause significant quality losses. In some cases, products may appear undamaged but may be bruised internally (melons).
What is poor harvest?
As a verb, to harvest something means that you pick or gather it. … The picked crop is also called a harvest: a bumper crop is a plentiful harvest, and a poor harvest is when things didn’t grow as well as expected. As a verb, to harvest something is to gather, trap, or cull it.
What are the 3 common tools for harvesting vegetables?
The most common type of harvesting implement are small sickle, big sickle, darat, gandasa and small axe etc., (Fig. 9.9a, b, c & d). The hand sickle is used to harvest crops like wheat, maize, barley, pulses and grass etc.
What are the causes of harvest loss?
Climate and weather conditions, harvesting and handling techniques, packaging, storage and transportation facility, market situation, dust from cement factory, disease and pest animals were recorded as major causes for post-harvest loss.