Postharvest technology is interdisciplinary science and technique applied to agricultural produce after harvest for its production, conservation, processing, packaging, distribution, marketing and utilization to meet the food and nutritional requirements of the people in relation to their needs.
What is post harvesting technology?
Post-harvest technologies constitute an inter-disciplinary science and techniques applied to agricultural commodities after harvest for the purpose of preservation, conservation, quality control/enhancement, processing, packaging, storage, distribution, marketing, and utilization to meet the food and nutritional …
What is the importance of post harvest technology?
Importance of Post-harvest technology lies in the fact that it has the capability to meet food requirement of growing population by eliminating losses making more nutritive food items from raw commodities by proper processing and fortification. Post-harvest technology has potential to create rural industries.
How can post harvest technology help our economy?
Postharvest research contributes to reducing poverty by enhancing income earning opportunities for poor people, and by providing time-saving processed foods to the urban poor. … Reduced wastage during storage reduces food and income losses for farmers.
Why are the post harvest practices important in the life of vegetables?
Postharvest handling practices like harvesting, precooling, cleaning or disinfecting, sorting and grading, packaging, storage, and transporting played an important role in maintaining quality and extending shelf life of the tomato fruits after harvest.
What is the next process after harvesting?
Threshing is the process of beating paddy plants in order to separate the seeds or grains from the straw. To maintain the high quality of the harvested grains, it should be threshed immediately after harvesting.
What is the meaning of post harvest losses?
Definition. The expression “post-harvest losses” means a measurable quantitative and qualitative loss in a given product. These losses can occur during any of the various phases of the post-harvest system. This definition must also take into account cases of product deterioration.
What are the causes of post harvest losses?
Causes of post-harvest loss in this stage include limited availability of suitable varieties for processing, lack of appropriate processing technologies, inadequate commercialization of new technologies and lack of basic infrastructure, inadequate facilities and infrastructure, and insufficient promotion of processed …
What are the factors of harvesting?
While the major factor determining the time of harvest is the maturity of the crop, other factors such as weather, availability of harvest equipment, pickers, packing and storage facilities, and transport are important considerations.
What is post harvest management of fruits and vegetables?
Post-harvest technologies constitute an inter-disciplinary science and techniques applied to agricultural commodities after harvest for the purpose of preservation, conservation, quality control, processing, packaging, storage, distribution, marketing and utilization to meet the food and nutritional requirements of …
What are the post-harvest activities?
Post-harvest activities include harvesting, handling, storage, processing, packaging, transportation and marketing. … Occasionally, losses may be 100%, for example when there is a price collapse and it would cost the farmer more to harvest and market the produce than to plough it back into the ground.
Why postharvest technology can increase food production?
Postharvest Proteomics of Perishables
These serve to reduce respiration rates, retard ripening, decrease ethylene production, and consequently retard senescence, prevent dehydration, and extend the shelf-life thus preserving produce quality.
How do you prevent post-harvest loss?
6 Tips To Avoid Postharvest Losses
- Assess maturity. …
- Check your water quality. …
- Check your water temperature. …
- Avoid injury. …
- Keep your produce cool. …
- Proper Storage.
31 авг. 2015 г.
What do you mean by post-harvest handling of fruits?
HARVEST• Fruits harvested too early may lack flavour and may not ripen properly, while produce harvested too late may be fibrous or have very limited market life. …
What will happen if the crop harvest in an immature stage?
Harvesting too early will result in a higher percentage of unfilled or immature grains, which will lower the yield and cause higher grain breakage during milling. Harvesting too late will lead to excessive losses and increased breakage in rice.