To harvest rice, farmers drain, cut and dry. The first step of harvesting is draining the paddy. Next, farmers cut the plants — with a scythe or sickle if by hand — and transport them elsewhere to be laid out and dried for two or three days. Rice can be cut by hand or machine.
What is the process of harvesting?
Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields. Reaping is the cutting of grain or pulse for harvest, typically using a scythe, sickle, or reaper. On smaller farms with minimal mechanization, harvesting is the most labor-intensive activity of the growing season.
How is paddy cultivated?
Paddy farmers used to get their fields ready before the rainy season. The weeds are cleared and the field is ploughed by buffaloes or tractors to a depth of few inches. Manures and fertilizers are added to the soil. … The field is then ready for receiving seedlings from the nursery.
How long does it take for a paddy to harvest?
After the seeds are soaked in water they are ready to be planted. Rice seeds are then sown into special nursery beds before they are transported to rice fields. It takes three months to grow rice. Harvesting rice has to be timed right.
How is rice harvested in Thailand?
Each morning, farmers go into the fields with sickles to harvest their crop. The cut rice is spread on the fields to dry for several days before being bundled into sheaves and taken to the family compound where it is threshed, and may then be milled.
What happens to crops after they are harvested?
Answer. Drying is the process that reduces grain moisture content to a safe level for storage. It is the most critical operation after harvesting a rice crop. Delays in drying, incomplete drying or ineffective drying will reduce grain quality and result in losses.
What is the season for harvesting?
Typically harvest season starts late September or early October for those farming and growing crops outside. Before the weather changes and cools as autumn approaches, the crops are cut and collected, ready to be used for cooking and eating.
Why are they called paddy fields?
The word “paddy” is derived from the Malay word padi, meaning “rice plant”. It is derived from Proto-Austronesian *pajay (“rice in the field”, “rice plant”), with cognates including Amis panay; Tagalog paláy; Kadazan Dusun paai; Javanese pari; and Chamorro faʻi, among others.
What Paddy means?
paddy Add to list Share. A paddy is a field used for growing rice. Paddies are different from most other crop fields because they are partially flooded with water. … Another meaning of this word is “unmilled rice.” The Malay root of paddy is padi, “rice in the straw.”
In which season paddy is grown?
The main rice growing season in the country is the ‘Kharif’. It is known as winter rice as per the harvesting time. The sowing time of winter (kharif) rice is June-July and it is harvested in November-December.
How many times can you harvest rice in a year?
Rice Harvest Every Season, 4 Times a Year!
What month is rice harvested?
The cycle of rice is 190 days and the harvest season lasts for about 30 days in mid-September to October. The process itself begins with leveling, rolling and preparing the field, flooding, airdropping the seed and fertilizing.
What are the four basic operations in harvesting?
Reaping – cutting the mature panicles and straw above ground. Threshing – separating the paddy grain from the rest of cut crop. Cleaning – removing immature, unfilled, non-grain materials. Hauling – moving the cut crop to the threshing location.
How much do rice farmers make?
The average pay for a Rice Farmer is $27,832 a year and $13 an hour in the United States. The average salary range for a Rice Farmer is between $21,887 and $32,562.
Where are the rice fields in Thailand?
A stunning destination in its own right, Thailand’s Chiang Mai is home to these rice fields, located close to several lavish hotels and resorts.
What is Thailand’s most important crop?
AGRICULTURE SITUATION IN THAILAND
Among the large number of crops of economic significance, rice is the most important which is widely grown in all regions and covers about half of the country’s cultivated area.