Post-harvest treatment largely determines final quality, whether a crop is sold for fresh consumption, or used as an ingredient in a processed food product. … These losses can be significantly reduced, if the integrated approaches are adopted in pre and postharvest management of horticultural crops.
Why is post-harvest management important?
The importance of post-harvest management has been established over the years—it strengthens the action chain that produces, transports, and processes food and all other related products that give sustenance to the world population.
What is the importance of harvesting in agriculture?
The goal of good harvesting is to maximize crop yield and minimize any crop losses and quality deterioration. Harvesting can be done manually, using hands or knifes and it can be done mechanically with the use of rippers, combine harvesters or other machines.
What is the role of post-harvest management in fruits and vegetables?
Post-harvest technologies constitute an inter-disciplinary science and techniques applied to agricultural commodities after harvest for the purpose of preservation, conservation, quality control, processing, packaging, storage, distribution, marketing and utilization to meet the food and nutritional requirements of …
Why are the post-harvest practices important in the life of vegetables?
Postharvest handling practices like harvesting, precooling, cleaning or disinfecting, sorting and grading, packaging, storage, and transporting played an important role in maintaining quality and extending shelf life of the tomato fruits after harvest.
What is the main objective of post-harvest technology?
The three main objectives of applying postharvest technology to harvested fruits and vegetables are:
- to maintain quality (appearance, texture, flavor and nutritive value)
- to protect food safety, and.
- to reduce losses between harvest and consumption.
What is post-harvest treatment?
Postharvest treatments are applied to citrus fruits before storage in order to delay senescence, minimize spoilage, and improve appearance and marketability. … Plant growth regulators are used to delay aging/senescence and various fungistats are used to control rots.
What is the importance of harvest?
Right Stage/Maturity Harvesting: Longer fruiting period of plant and healthier fruit by maintaining plant health. Study of right stage harvest will arrest the plant from going into reproductive stage thereby coming into stress. Shelf life protection.
What is post harvesting in agriculture?
In agriculture, postharvest handling is the stage of crop production immediately following harvest, including cooling, cleaning, sorting and packing. … Postharvest treatment largely determines final quality, whether a crop is sold for fresh consumption, or used as an ingredient in a processed food product.
What happens after harvest?
After the harvest is finished, there is still much work for farmers. Once a grain crop is harvested, a farmer needs to manage its drying and storage. This is the final stage of grain production. Grain drying is an essential practice that occurs before storage.
How post harvest management of fruits and vegetables can increase food availability?
INCREASING FOOD AVAILABILITY BY REDUCING POSTHARVEST LOSSES OF FRESH PRODUCE. Qualitative losses (such as loss of caloric and nutritive value, loss of acceptability by consumers, and loss of edibility) are more difficult to measure than quantitative losses of fresh fruits and vegetables.
What are the factors responsible for post harvest losses in fruits?
Vegetables: The primary factors of post-harvest loss of fruits and vegetables are mainly cause by mechanical physiological pathological or environmental factors . Mechanical damage of fruits and vegetables are caused by careless handling during harvesting, packing, transportation, storage etc.
What are post harvest factors?
Post harvest factors influencing postharvest quality of fruits were maturity stage, method of harvesting, time of harvesting, precooking, sorting and grading, packaging and packaging materials, storage, type of storage, temperature and relative humidity during storage and transportation, transportation, road condition.
How can we reduce post-harvest losses of fruits and vegetables?
6 Tips To Avoid Postharvest Losses
- Assess maturity. …
- Check your water quality. …
- Check your water temperature. …
- Avoid injury. …
- Keep your produce cool. …
- Proper Storage.
31 авг. 2015 г.
What is the meaning of post-harvest losses?
Definition. The expression “post-harvest losses” means a measurable quantitative and qualitative loss in a given product. These losses can occur during any of the various phases of the post-harvest system. This definition must also take into account cases of product deterioration.
What do you mean by post-harvest handling of fruits?
HARVEST• Fruits harvested too early may lack flavour and may not ripen properly, while produce harvested too late may be fibrous or have very limited market life. …