What are the levers on a forklift?
A forklift typically has two levers: one to control the height of the forks and another to control their tilts. To understand how to properly use forklift controls levers, it is paramount for a lift operator to complete an OSHA training program.
What is the best way to handle an uneven load?
Tilt the load against the backrest. If the load is unstable, lift the load slightly first, then carefully tilt it back so that the load stays tight against the backrest. If it’s a stable load and secure on the pallet, tilt first, then lift. Once the load is lifted, lower it to a safe traveling height.
How do you carry a load on a forklift?
Carrying the load
Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy. Carry the load low and tilted back. Use caution when carrying a load on an uneven surface; it creates a tip-over hazard.
What should you check before lifting a load?
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
- Check that there is adequate overhead clearance before raising the load. …
- Carefully lift the load up above the lower stack about 10 cm (4 inches). …
- Lift the load clear and then tilt the mast back slightly to rest the load against the load backrest extension.
Why do forklifts have 3 pedals?
To begin with, every forklift comes equipped with an accelerator and a brake pedal. That third pedal is called an Inching Brake. Its function is twofold. It initially acts as a brake and secondly disengages the transmission, allowing the engine speed to increase or decrease without affecting the drive of the forklift.
What are some basic controls you will find on every forklift?
Locate each control and understand how to use each one.
- Forward/Reverse Directional Controls. The directional control allows the operator to move the forklift forwards or backwards. …
- Hydraulic Lift Controls. Forklifts have hydraulic lift controls to raise and lower the forks and to tilt the forks. …
- Pedals. …
- Parking Brake.
What will make the load more stable during travel?
When traveling with a load, always make sure to tilt the mast of the forklift backward so that the load will firmly place against the backrest to make it more secure during transport. By doing this, you move the center of gravity towards to rear of the forklift making it more secure when traveling.
How long does it take to stop a forklift?
And when they are carrying heavy payloads, forklifts can take even further to stop. If a forklift is traveling 7 miles per hour, it can take the operator approximately 16 feet to stop the vehicle completely in an emergency. Increase that speed to 9 mph and it can take more than 21 feet to stop.
What steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
- Select an area to park. Do not park in an unauthorized area. Do not block an aisle or exits. Follow your company’s parking procedures.
- Apply brake slowly and stop.
- Neutralize the controls.
- Set the parking brake.
- Turn off the ignition.
- If the truck is parked on an incline, block the wheels.
What is the maximum weight a forklift can carry?
Forklift capacities range from about 3,000 lbs up to more than 70,000+ lbs. You can find the rated capacity of a forklift on its data plate. OSHA requires “only loads within the rated capacity of a truck shall be handled.” It’s easy to think the rated capacity is the same as maximum capacity, but it’s not that simple.
Is a forklift deemed unsafe if the horn doesn’t work?
A forklift is classified as a vehicle which is designed to carry and lift heavy loads. … When the horn of the forklift does not operate, it is considered not safe to use. The horn of the forklift is very important because it is used as a signal to warn anyone around the area.
How much back tilt should be applied when picking up a load?
Carry the load at the lowest position possible, 4 to 6 inches from the ground. Tilt the mast back and position the heaviest part of the load against the carriage.
What is the correct lifting technique?
Do not attempt to lift by bending forward. Bend your hips and knees to squat down to your load, keep it close to your body, and straighten your legs to lift. Never lift a heavy object above shoulder level. Avoid turning or twisting your body while lifting or holding a heavy object.
When you lift a load manually you must?
Keep the load close to the body for as long as possible while lifting. Keep the heaviest side of the load next to the body. If a close approach to the load is not possible, try to slide it towards the body before attempting to lift it. Avoid twisting the back or leaning sideways, especially while the back is bent.
What are the six stages of the safe lifting techniques?
- Identify the object, plan ahead • Where do you need to take the load? • …
- 2 Holding. the object • Make a decision on how and where to hold the object. …
- 3 Posture. • …
- 4 Lifting. • …
- 5 Walking. with a load • Keep the load as close to your body as possible with your arms straight. …
- 6 Unloading. •