Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy.
How low should your forks generally be when you are carrying a load?
The forks should be at least two-thirds the length of the load.
What position do you place the forks when parking your forklift?
Lower the forks to the floor when parking the forklift. Make sure that the forks touch the ground when you are leaving. Apply the parking brake when it is the idle position. All operational controls of the truck must be in the neutral position before the driver alight the forklift compartment.
When traveling on a level surface the forks should be raised?
When traveling on a level surface, you should raise the forks about 12 inches with or without a load. Dock plates should be visually checked by the lift truck operator.
When traveling with empty forklift the forks should be in what position?
Figure 7. Traveling down ramp without load. Requirements and Recommended Practices: When traveling without a load, the forks should point downgrade, regardless of direction of travel.
What will make the load more stable during travel?
When traveling with a load, always make sure to tilt the mast of the forklift backward so that the load will firmly place against the backrest to make it more secure during transport. By doing this, you move the center of gravity towards to rear of the forklift making it more secure when traveling.
When picking up a load the forks should be spaced?
Answer: When picking up a load the correct fork spacing should be 6 inches and also the forks must be spaced as wide apart as necessary for the maximum support of the load.
What steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
- Select an area to park. Do not park in an unauthorized area. Do not block an aisle or exits. Follow your company’s parking procedures.
- Apply brake slowly and stop.
- Neutralize the controls.
- Set the parking brake.
- Turn off the ignition.
- If the truck is parked on an incline, block the wheels.
Where can you not park a forklift?
Do not park the forklift in a location with its fork arms protruding the passageway, where there are a lot of pedestrians who will have to step over them. Do not leave the truck in any access doorways and it should not block any stairways of the workplace. Never leave the truck near first aid stations.
How do you move the forks on a forklift?
Raise the fork slightly. The fork will be resting in a small groove in the crossbar; nudge the fork out of the notch so that it will slide along the top of the crossbar. If the forks are rarely adjusted they may be very hard to move. If so, move to the end of the fork and move it from side to side to break it free.
What is the load Centre distance on a forklift?
A load center is the horizontal distance from the vertical face of the forks to the center of gravity of the load. As a general rule, load center is 24″ from the face of the forks (the center point of standard 48” x 48” pallet). Forklift capacities range from about 3,000 lbs up to more than 70,000+ lbs.
Does OSHA require daily forklift inspection?
OSHA requires that forklift vehicles have to be inspected at least daily, or after each shift when used around the clock. You will find this requirement in the Powered Industrial Truck standard at 1910.178(q)(7).
What direction should the lift be driven down a ramp when carrying a load?
When going down a ramp, drive in reverse with the load and keep the forks pointed up the slope. When traveling without a load, the forks should always point down the slope. The forklift operator should also drive in reverse up the ramp or drive forward when going down the ramp.
How soon should repairs be made to a forklift?
The more you use your forklift, the more often you should have it serviced by a factory trained technician. A forklift that gets heavy use might require a forklift maintenance visit every 90 days.
Who has the right of way on a forklift?
OSHA states the pedestrian has the right of way; therefore, operators must be on constant alert. The forklift operator is required to slow down and sound their horn at doorways, intersections, blind spots and when entering or exiting a building.
Where is the center of gravity for an unloaded forklift located?
When unloaded, the forklift’s center of gravity is right about here. When a load is added, the forklift’s center of gravity moves towards the forks. Heavier loads shift the center of gravity forward even further. Raising the load also shifts the center of gravity forward.