PEDESTRIANS AND FORKLIFTS SHOULD NEVER OCCUPY A RAMP OR INCLINE AT THE SAME TIME, IF THE OPERATOR OF A CLASS 1, 4, & 5 IS CARRYING A LOAD THAT BLOCKS THEIR FORWARD VISION ON LEVEL SURFACES, THEY ARE TAUGHT TO DRIVE IN REVERSE. BUT WHEN APPROACHING A RAMP OR INCLINE, THAT LOAD MUST FACE UPHILL.
Why should a lift truck not be turned on a ramp?
Accidents can happen if you make sudden on-the-go directional changes or attempt to turn a forklift on a grade or ramp. This can happen whether the truck is empty or carrying a load. Sudden directional changes can create an imbalance in the forklift, which can result in a tip-over.
Are you allowed to turn a forklift on a ramp or slope?
Generally, a forklift can safely travel on a ramp with a gradient between 5% and 12.5%. But, it is always best to err on the side of caution. If a ramp looks too steep, forklift operators should avoid it.
Why is it unsafe to turn a forklift truck when it is on a ramp or sloping surface?
Why is it not safe to drive a forklift in a straight line or turn a forklift with the load raised in the air? -Because it makes the forklift unstable and it could tip over.
When driving a laden truck up an incline the forks should be?
To reduce risk:
Only drive up or down an incline, never across it. Always travel load uphill, forks downhill — if travelling with a load, it should always face uphill; if unladen, forks should face downhill.
How long does it take to stop a lift truck?
And when they are carrying heavy payloads, forklifts can take even further to stop. If a forklift is traveling 7 miles per hour, it can take the operator approximately 16 feet to stop the vehicle completely in an emergency. Increase that speed to 9 mph and it can take more than 21 feet to stop.
When traveling with a load the load should be lifted 5 inches?
once you are clear, stop the forklift and lower the forks as far as possible. On a flat floor, lower them until they are 2 to 5 inches above the floor. On rough terrain, lift the forks higher to accommodate uneven ground.
What type of forklift is best for indoor use?
Electric forklifts are quiet as well, making them ideal for warehouse and other indoor use. However, time needs to be allowed for battery recharging. Internal combustion (IC) engines run on a variety of fuels including gasoline, diesel fuel, liquid propane gas (LPG) or compressed natural gas (CNG).
How should an operator go down an incline?
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
- When traveling with a load, the load should point up the incline, regardless of direction of travel.
- Going up the incline: Drive forward. Forks pointed upgrade. Use a spotter if load blocks the driver’s view.
- Going down the incline: Drive in reverse. Turn head and face downgrade.
What is the maximum allowable slope for a ramp?
The maximum recommended slope of ramps is 1:20. Steeper slopes may be allowed in special cases depending on the length to be covered (fig. 4). Ramps should be provided with landings for resting, maneuvering and avoiding excessive speed.
Where can you not park a forklift?
Do not park the forklift in a location with its fork arms protruding the passageway, where there are a lot of pedestrians who will have to step over them. Do not leave the truck in any access doorways and it should not block any stairways of the workplace. Never leave the truck near first aid stations.
What color should a forklift be?
Red: Forklift-Only Area/Danger Zone.
What is the largest cause of fatal or serious forklift accidents?
Forklift overturns are the leading cause of fatalities involving lift trucks. Overturns can be caused by: Improper turning. Driving with an elevated load.
How much does a unloaded 5000 capacity lift truck weigh?
how much does a 5000 lb capacity forklift weight? if your forklift can lift 5,000 pounds, generally the weight of the forklift will be somewhere between 7,500 and 10,000 pounds.
What is the most common lift truck accident?
17 Sep The Most Common Forklift Accidents:
Now, the most common types of a forklift accident are when one overturns, when a worker is stuck, pinned-beneath, or crushed by a forklift, or when a worker falls from a forklift.
Where you should not park an industrial lift truck?
Do not park an industrial lift truck near doorways, switches and electricity boards, fire fighting equipment, blind corners, on inclines, on soft ground, middle of an aisle, fire exits or pedestrian walk ways.