At the back of every forklift is a counterweight. The size of this counterweight will depend on the capacity of the forklift. … The counterweight acts as a balance for the weight being lifted by the truck’s forks. As long as the center of gravity is inside the wheelbase for the vehicle, the forklift won’t tip over.
What can cause a forklift to tip over?
4 causes of forklift tip-overs & how to massively reduce the risk
- Handling of suspended or live loads. …
- Turning with an elevated load. …
- Traversing a slope or uneven ground. …
- Insecure loads or overloading. …
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11 апр. 2019 г.
What should you do if a forklift is tipping over?
If the forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put: Stay in your seat and do not attempt to jump off. Lean away from the falling direction of the lift. Hold onto the steering wheel and make sure you’re stable.
Can you flip a forklift?
Regardless of the speed, driving a forklift on a slope or incline can be dangerous when in the hands of an untrained or inexperienced operator. When turned too quickly, the forces of gravity can shift the weight of the load and cause the forklift to become unstable and tip over.
How does the forklift work?
Lifting Mechanism: Hydraulic Cylinders
The lift handle is attached to an electrical air pump at the base of the forklift. Once the handle is pressed, it triggers the air pump that draws the outside air through a filter and forces it into a tube reaching to the hydraulic cylinders.
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Forklift Safety Rule Two: Don’t tip over. Many untrained operators assume that they can drive faster without a load, but look at the location of the CG with unloaded forks. … On the other hand a loaded forklift is more likely to tip forward with the CG now closer to the front axle.
Where can you not park a forklift?
Do not park the forklift in a location with its fork arms protruding the passageway, where there are a lot of pedestrians who will have to step over them. Do not leave the truck in any access doorways and it should not block any stairways of the workplace. Never leave the truck near first aid stations.
What should you check before lifting a load?
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
- Check that there is adequate overhead clearance before raising the load. …
- Carefully lift the load up above the lower stack about 10 cm (4 inches). …
- Lift the load clear and then tilt the mast back slightly to rest the load against the load backrest extension.
How low should forks be driving forklift?
Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy. Carry the load low and tilted back.
How often should you inspect a forklift?
Federal OSHA requires that forklift vehicles have to be inspected at least daily, or after each shift when used around the clock. You will find this requirement in the Powered Industrial Truck standard at 1910.178(q)(7). OSHA does not require that forklift inspections be documented.
When picking up a load the correct fork spacing should be?
Answer: When picking up a load the correct fork spacing should be 6 inches and also the forks must be spaced as wide apart as necessary for the maximum support of the load.
Why is an unloaded forklift sometimes unstable?
Forklift stability is based on keeping the center of gravity inside what’s called the stability triangle. … When unloaded, the forklift’s center of gravity is right about here. When a load is added, the forklift’s center of gravity moves towards the forks. Heavier loads shift the center of gravity forward even further.
What factors can affect the forklifts center of gravity and stability?
Load weight, weight distribution, size, shape, and position are key factors affecting the stability of the forklift. Forklifts are designed to carry a capacity load at a standard load center, commonly 24 inches.
What are the three pedals on a forklift?
There are three types of forklift pedals: accelerator, brake, and clutch. A typical forklift has all three pedals present, but there are exceptions. For instance, some forklifts have an inching pedal that is used to disengage the lift’s transmission and slow down the machine or bring it to a complete stop.
Is it easy to drive a forklift?
Just like an ordinary sedan car, a forklift can be fairly easy to operate. It only takes short time and little practice for you to get a grasp of it. But make no mistake, just because it is easy to operate, does it mean you will put your guard down. ALWAYS prioritize safety when driving a forklift.
How heavy is a forklift?
The average automobile weighs approximately 3,000 lbs and the average forklift weighs close to 9,000 lbs. Also, forklifts are heavier in the rear to counter the weight of items being carried in the forks.