When going down a ramp, drive in reverse with the load and keep the forks pointed up the slope. When traveling without a load, the forks should always point down the slope. The forklift operator should also drive in reverse up the ramp or drive forward when going down the ramp.
How should an operator go down an incline?
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
- When traveling with a load, the load should point up the incline, regardless of direction of travel.
- Going up the incline: Drive forward. Forks pointed upgrade. Use a spotter if load blocks the driver’s view.
- Going down the incline: Drive in reverse. Turn head and face downgrade.
When driving a forklift up a ramp without a load your forks should be pointing down the ramp?
When carrying a heavy load on grade, the forklift must be able to safely stop. When your operators are traveling without a load, the forks should be pointed down the incline. This would include going up or down the ramp. The forks should be raised enough to safely clear the grade.
How can you decrease the likelihood of injuries while using forklifts?
7 ways to reduce accident risk from your forklift operations
- Limit risk of slips and falls when mounting/dismounting truck. …
- No jumping down to dismount. …
- Don’t try to steady a load. …
- Operate from inside the cab only. …
- Stay within the confines of the truck. …
- Take extra care around truck controls. …
- Monitor your operations.
18 июн. 2019 г.
Why should a lift truck not be turned on a ramp?
Accidents can happen if you make sudden on-the-go directional changes or attempt to turn a forklift on a grade or ramp. This can happen whether the truck is empty or carrying a load. Sudden directional changes can create an imbalance in the forklift, which can result in a tip-over.
Are you allowed to turn a forklift on a ramp or slope?
Generally, a forklift can safely travel on a ramp with a gradient between 5% and 12.5%. But, it is always best to err on the side of caution. If a ramp looks too steep, forklift operators should avoid it.
What color should a forklift be?
Red: Forklift-Only Area/Danger Zone.
Can a pallet jack go up a ramp?
It should go without saying, but using a pallet jack on an incline is not usually advisable, according to the National Ag Safety Database. … If you do have to go up an incline, always make sure you’re pulling the jack. When going down a ramp, pushing is the only reasonable option.
What is the first thing you need to do before raising or lowering a load?
Ensure the load is secured before moving. Slowly move the truck to 20 to 30 cm (8 to 12 inches) away from the stack. Stop the truck. Return the mast to the vertical position before lowering the load.
What is the grade of a ramp?
The grade of the ramp or slope is calculated by dividing the rise by the run. In the above example, the rise of 5 ft. divided by the run of 25 ft. results in a 20% grade.
Why are forklifts so dangerous?
There are many factors that explain why forklifts are dangerous: Forklifts are heavy. … The weight of a forklift is unevenly distributed, which makes it harder to operate and drive. The rear wheels of a forklift are responsible for turning the vehicle, increasing the chances of tipping during tight turns.
Which steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
- Select an area to park. Do not park in an unauthorized area. Do not block an aisle or exits. Follow your company’s parking procedures.
- Apply brake slowly and stop.
- Neutralize the controls.
- Set the parking brake.
- Turn off the ignition.
- If the truck is parked on an incline, block the wheels.
How long does it take to stop a forklift at full speed?
And when they are carrying heavy payloads, forklifts can take even further to stop. If a forklift is traveling 7 miles per hour, it can take the operator approximately 16 feet to stop the vehicle completely in an emergency. Increase that speed to 9 mph and it can take more than 21 feet to stop.
What is the best way to handle an uneven load?
Tilt the load against the backrest. If the load is unstable, lift the load slightly first, then carefully tilt it back so that the load stays tight against the backrest. If it’s a stable load and secure on the pallet, tilt first, then lift. Once the load is lifted, lower it to a safe traveling height.
What class lift trucks should not turn on an incline?
PEDESTRIANS AND FORKLIFTS SHOULD NEVER OCCUPY A RAMP OR INCLINE AT THE SAME TIME, IF THE OPERATOR OF A CLASS 1, 4, & 5 IS CARRYING A LOAD THAT BLOCKS THEIR FORWARD VISION ON LEVEL SURFACES, THEY ARE TAUGHT TO DRIVE IN REVERSE. BUT WHEN APPROACHING A RAMP OR INCLINE, THAT LOAD MUST FACE UPHILL.
When traveling with a load the load should be lifted 5 inches?
once you are clear, stop the forklift and lower the forks as far as possible. On a flat floor, lower them until they are 2 to 5 inches above the floor. On rough terrain, lift the forks higher to accommodate uneven ground.