OSHA standard requires that if a load can fall back onto the operator; the employer must equip the forklift with a vertical load backrest extension. As long as the forklift’s load does not present a hazard to the operator, the forklift is not required to be equipped with a backrest extension.
What is the purpose of a load backrest on a forklift?
Load backrests play an important role in keeping your drivers safe. They prevent your forklift’s load from falling toward the driver. It features a steel grid above the forks and attaches to the sides of the forklift carriage with heavy-duty, steel framing.
What does the backrest do?
The backrest extension performs the useful function of keeping large loads stable. It attaches to the front and makes it so that loads stay in place and don’t fall forward toward the operator.
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Forklift Safety Rule Two: Don’t tip over. Many untrained operators assume that they can drive faster without a load, but look at the location of the CG with unloaded forks. … On the other hand a loaded forklift is more likely to tip forward with the CG now closer to the front axle.
When should a forklift operator tilt the load back on the mast?
Requirements and Recommended Practices: The mast must be carefully tilted backward to stabilize the load. Ensure the load is secured before moving. Slowly move the truck to 20 to 30 cm (8 to 12 inches) away from the stack.
What are the three major parts of a forklift?
The three major parts of a lift truck are the body (truck), overhead guard, and hydraulic lift.
What is the carriage on a forklift?
The carriage is a platform located in front of the forklift mast that is used to mount objects to be controlled by the mast. This includes the forks of the forklift, the load backrest and other features of a forklift truck that come in direct contact with the loads.
What is load backrest?
What is the purpose of a load backrest? Steel Load backrests are designed to prevent the load from falling toward the equipment driver. This allows product to rest against a square, flat surface that makes loading/unloading safe. These OSHA required backrests to feature a steel grid area above the forks.
Where can you not park a forklift?
Do not park the forklift in a location with its fork arms protruding the passageway, where there are a lot of pedestrians who will have to step over them. Do not leave the truck in any access doorways and it should not block any stairways of the workplace. Never leave the truck near first aid stations.
What is the best plan of action if a forklift starts to tip over?
If the forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put: Stay in your seat and do not attempt to jump off. Lean away from the falling direction of the lift. Hold onto the steering wheel and make sure you’re stable.
Why is a forklift less stable with a raised load?
Never travel with the load elevated. Elevating the load increases the load center distance by shifting the center of gravity upward and forward, making the forklift and the load less stable (Figure 5).
Which steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
- Select an area to park. Do not park in an unauthorized area. Do not block an aisle or exits. Follow your company’s parking procedures.
- Apply brake slowly and stop.
- Neutralize the controls.
- Set the parking brake.
- Turn off the ignition.
- If the truck is parked on an incline, block the wheels.
When traveling with a load the load should be lifted 5 inches?
once you are clear, stop the forklift and lower the forks as far as possible. On a flat floor, lower them until they are 2 to 5 inches above the floor. On rough terrain, lift the forks higher to accommodate uneven ground.
What is the load Centre distance on a forklift?
A load center is the horizontal distance from the vertical face of the forks to the center of gravity of the load. As a general rule, load center is 24″ from the face of the forks (the center point of standard 48” x 48” pallet). Forklift capacities range from about 3,000 lbs up to more than 70,000+ lbs.