The forks should be at least two-thirds the length of the load. Be careful that the forks do not go through to the other side where pallets are closely stacked. Center the weight of the load between the forks. Adjust the forks to distribute the weight evenly.
When driving a forklift its forks should be at which of the following heights?
A properly trained operator will carry his forks or load 4-6 inches off the ground. This position is high enough to reduce contact with dock plates, expansion joints in concrete, uneven areas, slight slopes, inclines and debris on operating surfaces.
What is the ideal way to pick up a loaded pallet?
To have a safe lift, have the pallet close to the front wheels. Keep the forklift mass in upright (90 degrees) position before inserting the forks into the pallet. Align and centre the fork ‘arms’ evenly from the centre stringer. Tilt the forks a little backwards to ensure its maximum security.
How do you move the forks on a forklift?
Raise the fork slightly. The fork will be resting in a small groove in the crossbar; nudge the fork out of the notch so that it will slide along the top of the crossbar. If the forks are rarely adjusted they may be very hard to move. If so, move to the end of the fork and move it from side to side to break it free.
How much back tilt should be applied when picking up a load?
Carry the load at the lowest position possible, 4 to 6 inches from the ground. Tilt the mast back and position the heaviest part of the load against the carriage.
Which steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
- Select an area to park. Do not park in an unauthorized area. Do not block an aisle or exits. Follow your company’s parking procedures.
- Apply brake slowly and stop.
- Neutralize the controls.
- Set the parking brake.
- Turn off the ignition.
- If the truck is parked on an incline, block the wheels.
What is the height of a forklift?
Another measurement to consider is height. Most standard forklifts can reach heights between 10 and 15 ft, but special forklifts like the telehandler can lift as high as 55 ft depending on the telehandler size you select.
When traveling with empty forklift the forks should be in what position?
Figure 7. Traveling down ramp without load. Requirements and Recommended Practices: When traveling without a load, the forks should point downgrade, regardless of direction of travel.
How far apart are the forks on a forklift?
The load center is the distance from the face of the forks to the load’s center of gravity. Many forklifts are rated using a 24-inch load center, which means that the load’s center of gravity must be 24 inches or less from the face of the forks.
What will make the load more stable during travel?
When traveling with a load, always make sure to tilt the mast of the forklift backward so that the load will firmly place against the backrest to make it more secure during transport. By doing this, you move the center of gravity towards to rear of the forklift making it more secure when traveling.
What is the best way to handle an uneven load?
Tilt the load against the backrest. If the load is unstable, lift the load slightly first, then carefully tilt it back so that the load stays tight against the backrest. If it’s a stable load and secure on the pallet, tilt first, then lift. Once the load is lifted, lower it to a safe traveling height.
What happens when the load Centre is increased?
The weight capacity of a forklift attachment is tied to what is known as the Maximum Load Moment, which is when the load center distance increases, changing the weight distribution, and as a result, the amount of weight a truck can carry under those conditions.
What position do you place the forks when parking your forklift?
Lower the forks to the floor when parking the forklift. Make sure that the forks touch the ground when you are leaving. Apply the parking brake when it is the idle position. All operational controls of the truck must be in the neutral position before the driver alight the forklift compartment.
What is the load Centre distance on a forklift?
A load center is the horizontal distance from the vertical face of the forks to the center of gravity of the load. As a general rule, load center is 24″ from the face of the forks (the center point of standard 48” x 48” pallet). Forklift capacities range from about 3,000 lbs up to more than 70,000+ lbs.
How soon should repairs be made to a forklift?
The more you use your forklift, the more often you should have it serviced by a factory trained technician. A forklift that gets heavy use might require a forklift maintenance visit every 90 days.