On a sit-down counterbalanced forklift, the fulcrum or pivot point is the axle of the front wheels. It is this product, or Load Moment, which determines how much overturning force is being applied to the forklift.
Where is the stability triangle on a forklift?
Forklift stability is based on keeping the center of gravity inside what’s called the stability triangle. This stability triangle is made by connecting the two front wheels and the pivot point of the rear axle. The other concept to understand is the forklift’s center of gravity.
What is the load center of a forklift?
The load center is the distance from the face of the forks to the load’s center of gravity. Many forklifts are rated using a 24-inch load center, which means that the load’s center of gravity must be 24 inches or less from the face of the forks.
When traveling up or down an incline on a forklift?
When traveling with a load, the load should point up the incline, regardless of direction of travel. Going up the incline: Drive forward. Forks pointed upgrade.
When traveling forks first Which direction is the counterbalance moving?
Always look in the direction of travel while traveling. If a load on the forks blocks your view of the intended path of travel, travel in reverse. Always maintain a safe distance from the forklift ahead of you (about three truck lengths)
Is driving a forklift difficult?
Driving forklift is not complicated as it seems. Just like an ordinary sedan car, a forklift can be fairly easy to operate. It only takes short time and little practice for you to get a grasp of it. But make no mistake, just because it is easy to operate, does it mean you will put your guard down.
When picking up a load the correct fork spacing should be?
Answer: When picking up a load the correct fork spacing should be 6 inches and also the forks must be spaced as wide apart as necessary for the maximum support of the load.
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Forklift Safety Rule Two: Don’t tip over. Many untrained operators assume that they can drive faster without a load, but look at the location of the CG with unloaded forks. … On the other hand a loaded forklift is more likely to tip forward with the CG now closer to the front axle.
What happens when the load Centre is increased?
The weight capacity of a forklift attachment is tied to what is known as the Maximum Load Moment, which is when the load center distance increases, changing the weight distribution, and as a result, the amount of weight a truck can carry under those conditions.
Where is the vehicle specification plate on a forklift?
The forklift data plate can be found on the instrument panel near the operating controls. It is the responsibility of the operator to understand the capabilities of each forklift and to properly maintain the data plate to ensure it is legible and complete.
How do you go down a ramp on a forklift?
When going down a ramp, drive in reverse with the load and keep the forks pointed up the slope. When traveling without a load, the forks should always point down the slope. The forklift operator should also drive in reverse up the ramp or drive forward when going down the ramp.
What color should a forklift be?
Red: Forklift-Only Area/Danger Zone.
What is the largest cause of fatal or serious forklift accidents?
Forklift overturns are the leading cause of fatalities involving lift trucks. Overturns can be caused by: Improper turning. Driving with an elevated load.
How high should your forks be when driving forklift?
Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy. Carry the load low and tilted back.
Why are forklifts so dangerous?
There are many factors that explain why forklifts are dangerous: Forklifts are heavy. … The weight of a forklift is unevenly distributed, which makes it harder to operate and drive. The rear wheels of a forklift are responsible for turning the vehicle, increasing the chances of tipping during tight turns.
When should you drive a forklift backwards?
“Drive backwards if the load obstructs your forward view; but use a rotating seat if you have one. Otherwise the frequent twisting will put excessive strain on your spine.” That, in brief, is the recommendation set out for drivers and operators.