At the back of every forklift is a counterweight. The size of this counterweight will depend on the capacity of the forklift. … The counterweight acts as a balance for the weight being lifted by the truck’s forks. As long as the center of gravity is inside the wheelbase for the vehicle, the forklift won’t tip over.
What causes a forklift to tip over?
FORKLIFT TIP OVERS AND THEIR CAUSES
A longitudinal, or forward forklift tip over occurs when the center of gravity moves too far forward, which can happen when a lift is driven down a slope or ramp.
What should you do if a forklift is tipping over?
If the forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put: Stay in your seat and do not attempt to jump off. Lean away from the falling direction of the lift. Hold onto the steering wheel and make sure you’re stable.
When transporting a load over any distance the mast and forks should be tipped backward because?
Requirements and Recommended Practices: The mast must be carefully tilted backward to stabilize the load. Ensure the load is secured before moving. Slowly move the truck to 20 to 30 cm (8 to 12 inches) away from the stack.
What factors can affect the forklifts center of gravity and stability?
Load weight, weight distribution, size, shape, and position are key factors affecting the stability of the forklift. Forklifts are designed to carry a capacity load at a standard load center, commonly 24 inches.
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Forklift Safety Rule Two: Don’t tip over. Many untrained operators assume that they can drive faster without a load, but look at the location of the CG with unloaded forks. … On the other hand a loaded forklift is more likely to tip forward with the CG now closer to the front axle.
Where can you not park a forklift?
Do not park the forklift in a location with its fork arms protruding the passageway, where there are a lot of pedestrians who will have to step over them. Do not leave the truck in any access doorways and it should not block any stairways of the workplace. Never leave the truck near first aid stations.
How low should forks be driving forklift?
Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy. Carry the load low and tilted back.
How often should you inspect a forklift?
Federal OSHA requires that forklift vehicles have to be inspected at least daily, or after each shift when used around the clock. You will find this requirement in the Powered Industrial Truck standard at 1910.178(q)(7). OSHA does not require that forklift inspections be documented.
Can you leave keys in a forklift?
In fact, leaving keys in an unattended forklift (or, thus, leaving on the ignition of this vehicle) is illegal, and has dire consequences as a safety hazard, even without the actual occurrence of an accident. Know and never exceed the lifting capacity of the forklift.
What steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
- Select an area to park. Do not park in an unauthorized area. Do not block an aisle or exits. Follow your company’s parking procedures.
- Apply brake slowly and stop.
- Neutralize the controls.
- Set the parking brake.
- Turn off the ignition.
- If the truck is parked on an incline, block the wheels.
What is the distance that I keep away from a forklift?
Pedestrian exclusion zones should be enforced within a three metre radius of a forklift. This distance should expand when the height of the forklift load or the speed travelled increases.
What is the minimum safe distance to drive behind another forklift?
Falling distance of an object from a pallet or 15 feet, 5 Feet both sides, 5 Feet Rear of Forklift. do so (ALL CLEAR). Do not pass under the forks while in operation. in operation and a fix object.
How much can a 5000 lb forklift lift?
A 5,000-lb. capacity forklift will lift that much weight up to 48-inch forks (with a 24-inch load center) but going out to 60 inches (with a 30-inch load center), for example, drops the capacity to 4,000 pounds.
What is the most common cause of forklift truck accidents?
17 Sep The Most Common Forklift Accidents:
Now, the most common types of a forklift accident are when one overturns, when a worker is stuck, pinned-beneath, or crushed by a forklift, or when a worker falls from a forklift.
What happens to the center of gravity when you lift a heavy load above the forklift?
Heavier loads shift the center of gravity forward even further. Raising the load also shifts the center of gravity forward. In order to prevent the lift from tipping, the combined center of gravity of the load and the lift must stay inside the stability triangle (at ground level) at all times.