Here are examples situations that can cause a forklift to tip over: The center of gravity is on the side of the stability triangle. This might be caused by turning a corner, having an unbalanced load, driving into a pothole, or traveling on a sloping surface. … The forklift quickly accelerating in reverse, or.
What should you do if the forklift tips over?
If the forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put: Stay in your seat and do not attempt to jump off. Lean away from the falling direction of the lift. Hold onto the steering wheel and make sure you’re stable.
Why a lift truck can tip over sideways?
Forklifts are relatively stable pieces of equipment when the center of gravity is directly above the vehicle’s wheelbase. … Lateral, or sideways tip overs occur when the center of gravity shifts too far to the left or right of the wheelbase, which can happen during sharp or sudden turns.
What affects forklift stability?
Load weight, weight distribution, size, shape, and position are key factors affecting the stability of the forklift. Forklifts are designed to carry a capacity load at a standard load center, commonly 24 inches.
How do forklifts not tip over?
At the back of every forklift is a counterweight. The size of this counterweight will depend on the capacity of the forklift. … The counterweight acts as a balance for the weight being lifted by the truck’s forks. As long as the center of gravity is inside the wheelbase for the vehicle, the forklift won’t tip over.
Where can I not park a forklift?
Do not park the forklift in a location with its fork arms protruding the passageway, where there are a lot of pedestrians who will have to step over them. Do not leave the truck in any access doorways and it should not block any stairways of the workplace. Never leave the truck near first aid stations.
How soon should repairs be made to a forklift?
The more you use your forklift, the more often you should have it serviced by a factory trained technician. A forklift that gets heavy use might require a forklift maintenance visit every 90 days.
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Forklift Safety Rule Two: Don’t tip over. Many untrained operators assume that they can drive faster without a load, but look at the location of the CG with unloaded forks. … On the other hand a loaded forklift is more likely to tip forward with the CG now closer to the front axle.
How high should forks be when driving forklift?
Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy. Carry the load low and tilted back.
When preparing to move off the safest procedure is as follows?
MOVING OFF 10 Before moving off, look round and move only when you can do so safely. An easy way of remembering this is GOB which stands for Gears, Observations then Brakes.
What is the stability triangle on a forklift?
Forklift stability is based on keeping the center of gravity inside what’s called the stability triangle. This stability triangle is made by connecting the two front wheels and the pivot point of the rear axle. The other concept to understand is the forklift’s center of gravity.
How can a forklift be overturned?
WHAT CAUSES FORKLIFT OVERTURNS? — Turning, stopping or pushing the go pedal too quickly. — Driving on an incline. — An unbalanced load, driving with a load too high or a load too heavy for the equipment.
How often should you inspect a forklift?
Federal OSHA requires that forklift vehicles have to be inspected at least daily, or after each shift when used around the clock. You will find this requirement in the Powered Industrial Truck standard at 1910.178(q)(7). OSHA does not require that forklift inspections be documented.
Why do Forklifts weigh so much?
Why Forklifts Weigh So Much
The main reason a forklift is so heavy is that they include the counterweight. This is necessary to keep the forklift from tipping over when it’s in use.
When picking up a load the forks should be?
The forks should be at least two-thirds the length of the load. Be careful that the forks do not go through to the other side where pallets are closely stacked. Center the weight of the load between the forks. Adjust the forks to distribute the weight evenly.
How steep can a forklift ramp be?
Generally, a forklift can safely travel on a ramp with a gradient between 5% and 12.5%. But, it is always best to err on the side of caution. If a ramp looks too steep, forklift operators should avoid it.