Frequent question: What are excavations and why are they important?

Excavation is used in construction to create building foundations, reservoirs and roads. Some of the different processes used in excavation include trenching, digging, dredging and site development. Each of these processes requires unique techniques, tools and machinery to get the job done right.

What is the importance of excavation?

Excavations can be classified, from the point of view of their purpose, as planned, rescue, or accidental. Most important excavations are the result of a prepared plan—that is to say, their purpose is to locate buried evidence about an archaeological site.

What’s an excavation?

to make hollow by removing the inner part; make a hole or cavity in; form into a hollow, as by digging: The ground was excavated for a foundation. to make (a hole, tunnel, etc.) by removing material. … to expose or lay bare by or as if by digging; unearth: to excavate an ancient city.

What is Archaeology and why is it important?

Archaeology provides us with the opportunity to learn about past cultures through the study of artifacts, animal bones and sometimes human bones. Studying these artifacts helps to provide us with some insight about what life was like for people who left behind no written record.

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What is excavation and its types?

A common method of classifying excavation is by type of excavated material: topsoil, earth, rock, muck, and unclassified. Topsoil excavation is removal of the exposed layer of the earth’s surface, including vegetation. … Rock excavation is removal of a formation that cannot be excavated without drilling and blasting.

What are the types of excavation?

Excavation by Material

  • Topsoil Excavation. As the name suggests, this type of excavation involves the removal of the exposed or the topmost area of the earth’s surface. …
  • Rock Excavation. …
  • Muck Excavation. …
  • Earth Excavation. …
  • Cut and Fill Excavation. …
  • Trench Excavation. …
  • Basement Excavation. …
  • Dredging.

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How is excavation helpful in learning history?

Archaeologists use special techniques and equipment to gather their evidence precisely and accurately. They must keep detailed records of their findings. This is an extremely vital activity. Once an excavation begins, it digs into — and digs past — many layers of structures.

How are excavations done?

Excavation is the process of moving earth, rock or other materials with tools, equipment or explosives. It includes earthwork, trenching, wall shafts, tunneling and underground. … Some of the different processes used in excavation include trenching, digging, dredging and site development.

How can we prevent excavation?

Provide protection by:

  1. Set spoils and equipment at least 2 feet back from the excavation.
  2. Use retaining devices, such as a trench box that will extend above the top of the trench to prevent equipment and spoils from falling back into the excavation.
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What are people who do excavations called?

When archaeologists or other people excavate a piece of land, they remove earth carefully from it and look for things such as pots, bones, or buildings which are buried there, in order to discover information about the past. … To excavate means to dig a hole in the ground, for example in order to build there.

What can Archaeology teach us?

Archaeologists use artifacts and features to learn how people lived in specific times and places. They want to know what these people’s daily lives were like, how they were governed, how they interacted with each other, and what they believed and valued.

How does archeology help us?

Answer. One way archaeology helps us understand the past is through the material objects it finds, allowing us to know what was being used, and when. For example a dig recently found a flute, believed to be the oldest musical instrument found to date.

Why are antiquities important?

Archaeology is important simply because many people like to know, to understand, and to reflect. The study of archaeology satisfies the basic human need to know where we came from, and possibly understand our own human nature.

What is cut and fill excavation?

Cut and fill excavation is also known as excavation and embankment. It’s a process where excavators move and place volumes of material to create optimal terrain for a road, railway or canal.

Which tools are used for excavation?

Types of Soil Excavation Tools and Machines in Construction

  • Spade.
  • Shovel.
  • Hoe.
  • Trowel.
  • Rake.
  • Pick axe.
  • Mattock.
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What is another word for excavation?

In this page you can discover 45 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for excavation, like: unearthing, digging, disinterring, hollow, mining, quarrying, exhuming, removal, digging a basement, digging a foundation and using a back hoe.

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